Gopi and Krishna

Gopi is a prime pillar of Bhagavad Gita rather Bhagavad Puran. Without Gopis I believe Krishna would not have been able to teach us the lesson of devotion, love, oneness with God, salvation (भक्ति सायुज्य प्रेम मोक्ष).

The relationship of Gopi and Krishna is interesting. The more I study it, the more I read it I realize that through the example of Gopis, Krishna wanted to show us, being busy in cores of day-to-day life you can attain nearness of Krishna…if your efforts are strong and you have confidence you can get oneness with Krishna.

Some scripts says Gopis were saints performing meditations since ages to attain nearness with Krishna. These saints took birth as Gopis to live with Krishna.

They taught us a good way to be near with Krishna.

1. Chanting – While working in home, doing day-to-day activities like cooking, cleaning, etc they chant the name of Krishna and sign his glory.

2. Work offered to Krishna – Though they use to cook for their family and work for their family members the center of all their work were Krishna. While cooking they use to think what Krishna would like to eat. Krishna is center of their attention.

3. Longing for Krishna – While Krishna was away in forest with cows they use to be eagerly waiting for him to return. When he would return they stand out in the entrance of their house with smile on their face welcoming Krishna.

4. Forgoing every barrier – For Krishna they forgo barrier of their family and went to meet Krishna, they forgo barrier and came out of river to take clothes.

 

Define Happiness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I have written earlier a post on Happiness, this post is in continuation with the previous post.

During whole day we come across many people, with some of them we have relationship to talk and share our thoughts while with some of them we hardly talk but listen or watch their behavior. If we watch all of them closely we will see they are looking for Happiness. So what is the definition of Happiness for each of them?

Let me put their definition of Happiness here….

1. Mr. A, I will be happy/ delighted if I will get a Government contract worth NNN lacs

2. Miss B, I will be happy if he propose me

3. Miss C, I will be happy if he marry me

4. Mrs D, I will be happy if my husband buy me a diamond necklace worth NNN

5. Mrs E, I will be happy if my daughter-in-law obey me

6. Mrs. F, I will be happy if my husband earns NNN lacs per month

7. Mr. G, I will be happy if I get N% in exam

…………. This list is endless, where Happiness is starts with If and Else condition

Seems Happiness is a chocolate wrapped in IF and ELSE wrapper. So are they Happy after this so-called wrapper opened?

1. Mr. A, after a month bags the Government contract worth NNN lacs.

He should be happy now. But when asked why your face is not glowing with happiness? he said, I am happy but I will be happy when I will earn that NNN lacs from contract.

2. Miss B is proposed but her face is not glowing with happiness as it should be. When asked she said… “Yes, he proposed me but I will be happy only if he marry me”

…… all of the above when opened a layer of their IF and ELSE wrapper around Happiness were not Happy as they found one more layer of IF and ELSE wrapper around Happiness. This situation is endless. A new wrapper is found when one wrapper of IF and ELSE is removed.

Years after years pass opening these layers of IF and ELSE wrapper but yet Happiness is not unlocked. So a question comes was the definition of Happiness correct? If not then what is the definition of Happiness.

Happiness is in …..

1. knowing oneself (Aatma – inner soul)

2. satisfaction

3. gratitude

4. love

5. giving to other (don’t think you donated some money or food and you will get happiness)

Happiness cannot be wrapped between IF and ELSE

Happiness cannot be measured by different criteria.

Happiness is soul’s identity. It can be obtained when it is free from all conditions.

Who am I – in the light of Gita

In previous posts you will find a post related to “who am I?” question.
This post is an attempt to answer this question in the light of Gita.

A man would answer this question as, “human being”. Yet the answer is not complete or correct.
Are you “human”?, a yogi or philosopher would answer as, “soul”. Yet the answer is not complete or correct.
None of the living being either walking on two legs or four legs are body or soul.

Let me take reference of Bhagawad Puran to define body. A body is a bag of skin which is filled with some flesh and bones to give it a shape. This body will remain in this materialistic world one day. Either it will then become food of insects or will get mixed with soil as ash.
We leave body behind when we leave this world, so it cannot represent a living being. It is just a symbolic presentation of a living being.

Similarly though soul travels from one plane to another and take new body or form is not alone presentation of living being. Soul is the true form of living being but we are not in the form of soul. Soul carries lessons learned through experiences within the time it is in the form of body.
We all learn from our experiences, all the good and bad experiences, happy and sad moments are recorded in our soul.

We have taken number of births and would have learned from all these births. A soul always remembers all these lesson but do we remember? Is our behavior affected by these lessons?
We hardly remember the lesson as we come into this world and start growing.
When we come into this world we start learning the lessons. The first lesson that we learn is the feeling we get through touch. As an infant, mother would always keep you near her, this is the first lesson or experience we start developing. The lesson of touch. We start learning the lesson of feeling warmth through touch. So this is the first “gyanaindiya” that starts developing from the day we take birth. As we grow we learn to develop taste for food, we learn to see objects and recognize. Slowly all 5 “gyanaindiya” start developing and functioning. With their functioning we start developing “moh” (attachment). Based on the intensity of attachment we start to stick to feelings, likings and disliking. These make a boundary of our thoughts. All this results in building ‘I’ or ‘you’ or ‘myself’.

In order to make others happy we change our dressing, we change how we look and wait for others to appreciate. Appreciations of others boost our ego. Same way we wants others to make us happy. We want others to dress like the way we want. We wants others to wish us on occasions, gift us on occasions and be caring about us. If others behave the way we want them to behave we love them, we like them, we appreciate them. This frames us in the boundaries of feelings.

 

We are not a bundle of feelings. If we believe we have taken number of births to take the form of human being or by grace of God we are given this birth of human being then we should try to understand the difference between physical body and soul. We should understand that soul don’t get attached with the feelings of “gyanaindiya”. We should understand we are taking birth to reach to God. The merciful gives us chance after chance so that we reach to him but we get trapped in all cosmic pleasures and feelings.

Gyana Parampara

evam parampara-praptam
imam rajarsayo viduh
sa kaleneha mahata
yogo nastah parantapa

Years back, in Nalanda and even before, Guru – Shishya parampara was followed. The best part of this parampara was knowledge was handed down in regular succession from generation to generation. If I refer “Bhagavad Purana” or “Garuda Purana” or “Agni Purana” then the first apparent teacher was “tridev” (Vishnu, Bhrama and Mahesh). These three teachers are the sources of knowledge. Not getting into more details here about “tridev”, I would like to elobrate this shloka of Gita.

Krishna, addressing Arjuna, says, “This knowledge was handed down in regular succession from generation to generation. The royal sages knew this yoga. But by long lapse of time it has been lost here.”

Krishna, in this shloka refers to a type of rishi, “Rajarishi”.

A Rishi is said to have thorough knowledge of Vedic scriptures and culture. They are ideal for others to follow the path of spiritual development. They have conquered the mind and senses, practices the art of “Nishkama karma and karma Phala tyaga”. They have attained a vision of the “supreme”.

Rishi can be classified as Maharshi, Rajarshi, Brahmarshi and Devarshi.

Rishis following the parampara of imparting knowledge to successors use to first choose a disciple. The motive of such parampara was to preserve the true essense of knowledge. With this shloka, Krishna says, the parampara of imparting knowledge has been lost. People in the name of knowledge impart their interpretations, which is like half cooked food. To grasp the eternal knowledge, true knowledge and the essense of vedic scriptures, one must have spiritual eyes and ears. Cosmic body is not capable of handling such beautiful knowledge.

In Bhagavad Purana, Shukdev muni, narrates the importance of the eternal knowledge with the following incident.

“With the intension to have benefits of divine knowledge Indra and others come to see Sutaji. Knowing the intenstions of Indra and others, Sutaji, laughs on them and says, you cant get the true eternal knowledge in return of ‘amrita’.” So was the valuable the eternal knowledge and essense of Gita. That one day, Bhrama decided to weigh it, he placed all the divinity like Kalpavriksha, Amrita on one side of the weighing scale and the Bhagavata Gita on the other side of the weighing scale. To the surprise of all, the Bhagavata Gita weigh more than all the divinity.

In the name of knowledge and spirituality people have learnt to earn money and fame. On the name of Krishna and Vishnu and the Supreme, they impart their feelings, understanding (which is half cooked food), dreams (to be hero, powerful) and aspiration.

Again, taking reference of Shukdev muni’s words from Bhagavad Purana, “This knowledge is sweeter than mangoo, yet it doesnt have elements like skin which other fruits have. One can only enjoy and relish its sweetness when he devotes himself wholeheartedly.”

To achieve something everything has to be destroyed.

In a friendly discussion with well wishers came this dialog, “To achieve something everything has to be destroyed.”

A seed destroys itself completely to become a tree. Tree burns itself carelessly to give shadow. Achievement asks sacrifice, blind sacrifice. Those who want to achieve something never think of assets they hold, they are always on heal to give up themselves and their assets.

This remembers me Gita and Bhagavad Purana which widely explains the importance of sacrifice. The more you wish to achieve the more you need to sacrifice. Mother sacrifice sleep, peace and herself for the sleep, wellbeing and happiness of her children. It is not mandatory yet she sacrifices everything required.  Sacrifice should be done with heart and feeling. Such sacrifice becomes worship of the all-mighty. Divine energy is earned through such sacrifice. Such sacrifice makes man better than all creatures and divine bodies. Those who offer such sacrifice are special to all-mighty. He himself takes care of those offers such sacrifices. Though the goal of man offering such sacrifices is to achieve the highest seat amongst divine bodies, attain the highest seat and respect from the divine bodies.

So work as if it is the last task with the devotion and readiness to sacrifice everything.

Sankhya Sutra

A small event reminded me about “Sankhya Sutra” and the story of Bharata narrated in Bhagavada Purana. I was asked to offer milk to mother dog and her puppies, no one was offering milk or food to them. It was second day when I was offering them milk, my heart was filled with the feeling of love and care. An ocean of love and care was flowing inside me, which reminded me about “Sankhya Sutra”. It reminded me about the story of Bharata.

Bharata forgot the lesson of “Sankhya Sutra” and fell in ‘Maya’ of a deer, an infant deer which he found in the stream, who was born when the frightened mother deer jumped across the stream. Bharata took care of the infant deer and day by day he was getting attached with the deer with heart, thoughts and then with soul such that if the deer goes out of his site for a minute he would be worried and tensed. Till the end of his life Bharata was worried about the wellbeing of the deer, and the deer was enjoying the care and love of Bharata. With the last thought of the wellbeing of the deer, Bharata passes away and takes birth as deer. Before meeting deer Bharata was free from bonds of ‘Maya’ and in his meditations focused on the creator of the world. But later the situations changed, his focus was on deer. When he was born as deer, he had frail memories of his life as Bharata and with the lesson he had learned, he kept away from grass, each and every elements of forest. After leaving life of deer he took birth as a Bhramin with the memories of past life and lesson he learned, he remained silent and away from all worldly elements. He delivers his knowledge of “Sankhya Sutra” and other divine knowledge to a king.

“Sankhya Sutra” warns us, thinking of anything which is not contributory to spiritual practice, or sadhana, results in bondage, as in the case of Bharata. Attachment sneaks into our mind without our knowledge, like a serpent entering into a hole without our knowing that it has entered it. The power of the mind, which is filled with desires, finds all sorts of excuses to see that its longings are fulfilled, one way or the other. It is like a thief or a dacoit who knows every way of entering a house.

While offering milk to mother dog and her puppies, I realized how strong is ‘Maya’, ‘Maya’ is present everywhere waiting for a situation where you show your liking towards worldly elements. On getting a small hint of such a liking, ‘Maya’ starts finding each and every way to trap you in worldly elements. With that incident I learned that in order to protect your house from thief you have to be vigilant and cut all efforts of thief, block all ways through with the thief can enter in the house with knowledge.

Idolatry

The dictionary meaning of ‘Idolatry’ is simple but it carries lots of importance and weight in human beings.

It is the usual glamour of Diwali, people around me have busy mornings and evenings with most of their time invested in idol worship. In mid of all this sequential events, a question came from within me, “Krishna in Gita says, I am form-less, then why do we worship idol of Krishna?” Krishna is nirguna in form then why we give him form, make him sguna and then worship him?

Does this mean, we can only imagine the element God in form? In Islam, people don’t give forms to Alha or God. Parsi people worship Fire, again fire have form. Preaching in both the religion is towards building a human. It becomes confusing when I put understandings this way. Instead of falling into any complications lets follow Gita.

He, the all mighty is everywhere, in every element and is form-less and take base of lesson learnt from clouds. If you go above clouds you don’t see elements on earth and even don’t see land. Above the clouds you see brightness and deep blue sky, a view where there is no difference between elements, where there are no elements. So I would like to see God, the all mighty element from cloud and not from earth.

While worshiping Krishna, idol will be an element to illustrate senses but above this illustration, my prayers will be for the form-less. I will close eyes to offer prayers to the form-less but through open eyes, no matter how the world pictures Krishna.

 

Karma Yoga

Karma Yoga – the simple yoga which yields the  fruits that no other yoga can give.

 

Krishna while giving knowledge on the war-front referred Karma Yoga as the best yoga of all to Arjuna. In his preaching to Arjuna, Krishna says, an individual can achieve liberation or the Supreme Being (God) just by performing karam defined for him in scriptures. An individual based on his caste is expected to perform karma. In ancient time, there were discrimination of karma for Bhramin, Shudra and Vaishya. There is no such discrimination today as one can see Bhramin indulged in act of corruption and vaishya imparting knowledge of scriptures. Though people are not having complete knowledge on the topic they preach others. If we take base of Gita, I believe instead of preaching one can present views if his knowledge is sufficient otherwise refrain from making any speech.

 

According to Krishna, karma done whole-heartedly with selflessness and any expectation of reward is the best of all can be done by an individual. One should not be attached with the act done by him. Any feelings like pain, happiness, pride… can take away the fruits of karma.

Some people count the number of deeds done with selflessness, devotion…Supreme Being never counts such deeds.  Knowledge of karma is good to have, but the best learned is the performer, who does all act as if he is doing act for the wellbeing of other lives with the thought, he is performer not the creator.

I hear people commenting on number of hours they spend on Yoga and Meditation. And all the time I wonder how can we measure Yoga and Meditation? I know such people will not be able to give justification on this question as they hardly understand the importance of Yoga and Meditation.

Keeping all this aside, the truth of the universe is, “Karma done hole-heartedly, with selflessness, dedication and as a performer, that is without any attachment”.

Note: Reference of this post is my understanding over Chapter 3 of Gita.

Beaware of Lust Infatuation and Wrath

There is no disease (so destructive) as lust; no enemy like infatuation; no fire like wrath; and no happiness like spiritual knowledge

I was reading a script and came across the above stated quote. All most every one knows about this but still many of us are slaves of these three things.

It is truly said that Lust is a disease. Disease of mind which kills soul and happiness. While creating life God had placed a system in every life to reproduce life. And to generate interest in reproduction or encourage life for reproduction  God have kept an attraction between lives. This attraction gives birth to desire and with the good efforts of good thoughts life gets regenerated. But if one forgets to control the horse of desire and attraction, he finds himself lost in the desert of Lust. There is an industry which is like desert where people come in search of happiness and or love but get lost in the winds of desert. 100 bottles of liquor may not damage you much but Lust will damage your thought and soul within a very short time period. It is like a paralysis of thought.

Another thing that harms your good thinking and stops your mind from thinking big is Infatuation. Infatuation is a feeling. Many have told me that they are in love but when i ask them the reason or check their commitment then i see that they are infatuated and not in real love. Real love is commitment. It is divine and brings two soul together not only the two bodies together. Infatuation becomes your enemy when you get totally absorbed with the thought and get attracted to someone or something. You loose the sense of what is true and false and try to please the other in the best possible manner. In this you create a lot of enemies. An infatuated person loses himself. And when you are not in you, you are like a dead body. You loose sense of what is good and what is bad.

Anger or Wrath is worst, yes, it burns not only your soul but others mood and happiness. A spark of anger is enough to burn you in full and others. Anger is chronic in itself. It starts with a small spark and encourages itself to grow. It then burns your energy and happiness within you. This fire cant be seen with eyes but could be felt. This fire is like a fire in forest, it catches others soon and the more it catch holds of others it becomes furious.

The only thing that can help one go stay away from all these things is Spiritual Knowledge and Wisdom. Making a habit to read at-least one word of such scripts can help you cultivate your mind and thoughts. With such mind you will be able to keep away from such evils.

I went to search for crooked

let me liberateBura Jo Dekhan Main Chala, Bura Naa Milya Koye
Jo Munn Khoja Apnaa, To Mujhse Bura Naa Koye

English Version::

I searched for the crooked, met not a single one
When searched myself, “I” found the crooked one

I meet with a boy who was being cheated. He was not crying but he was sad. He was in his deep thought. I went to him thinking I can help him out. I asked him what happened he told his story. How he was cheated. It was his own sister and brother who washed his brain, with empty brain he went to take the challenge. He knew he would be punished if he do so, but still he went ahead to take the challenge. As his mind was ruled by the words of his brother and sister. As expected he failed to prove the challenge and the result was horrible. It was worst than expected. Now he was trying to find out whom should he blame for his condition.

I was listening thinking that it would be good at this moment to lend him ears, after he finish I may put my point.

He told he thought a lot, if he blames his brother and sister then too he finds his own fault first. I asked “why?”

He told, “didi, they were putting weeds in my brain, they were forcing me to take up such steps and I did so. So whose fault is there, its mine. I should have taken care of not listening them.” I could just nod my head as he was right.

He continued, “If I blame those people with whom I played that challenge then too I find my fault.” I asked “why?”

He told, “didi, they have never forced me to take challenge with them, while talking to them my mind had given me the idea of the result, though it was not as worst as the actual result but never the less I had idea of the result. So in directly they had also given me hint of the worst result but it was me and only me who kept driving me to accept that challenge and so I am at fault.” I could only nod as I knew he was right.

Then I asked “why are you worried then?”, he told, “When we know others are at fault, how easily we give them punishment but when we know we are fault why can’t we give ourselves punishment?” I had no answer for this or may be I was not willing to answer him, so remained silent for a while and tried to diver his mind.

We all find faults in others all the time, if we meet with an accident, we first of tell, that person was coming in wrong side, had not shown signal  or was driving very fast and gently put, I was driving slowly and was trying to protect that person or protect kids or cat or dog or i was not aware of how he took all of a sudden turn and we meet with accident. All sorts of excuses. But have we honestly tried to put what was our fault?

In women one thing is common, if they gather in some social meeting or religious meeting, they would start finding faults of their daughter-in-laws, they would find faults of daughters of their neighbors and faults in all other spices in this world. But if you ask them what is your fault or ask them to look their face in the mirror and find some faults then, what would be the outcome? I am sure, they will break mirror or atleast break my head.

I have been into such situations where I had blamed many, but i remember my soul have always asked me to look at me first. There are certain events at which I was not able to say sorry for my blames but there are events where I have either not blamed or would have asked for sorry.

With this line of Kabirji, I remember “those whose house is of glasses should not throw stones on others’ house”. Gita also says, forget “I”, “My” and learn “we”, “our”.