Bhagavad Puran – Adhyatma yoga

Bhagavad Puran – Skanda 2 – Chapter 25 – Kapil muni’s answers to Devbhuti’s questions.

Devbhuti mother of Kapil muni asks questions about salvation and liberation from the worldly pleasures. Kapil muni is incarnation of God Vishnu who took birth in Devbhuti’s house to preach the lessons of Sankhya yoga, Adhyatma yoga.

Devbhuti have spent years in upbringing of her 9 daughters and a son Kapil muni. Her life was like a normal woman, spent in kitchen, upbringing children and house keeping. She was far from the knowledge of Soul. What she can do to free her mind from the clutches of worldly pleasures, worries of life and family? With this question in her mind once she asks Kapil muni to preach her the lessons through which she can free her self from the clutches of worldly pleasures, worries of life and family (moha, maya, mamta) and attain salvation (moksha).

Kapil being pleased with her question narrates her the ‘Adhyatma yoga’. This form of yoga is the only way to liberate mind from the clutches of worldly pleasures, worries of life and family. This yoga helps one free themselves from the bonds of happiness and sadness. Mind/ heart is the only reason for forming clutches/ bonds and giving freedom/ salvation/ liberty. When Mind/ heart is surrounded by worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family only forms clutches/ bonds with worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family, and there by forms bonds of karma. This bonds of karma is a viscous circle which never ends until it is broken by the knowledge. The knowledge that we are in clutches/ bonds of worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family. When Mind/ heart is surrounded by the knowledge of God, the knowledge of soul, the knowledge/ realization of oneself being a soul and not the body becomes reason for salvation/ liberty.

In Gita, Krishan says the same thing to Arjuna. Mind is very powerful. It can drive you in bonds of worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family and it can also make you free from such bonds. But the condition is you have to be in the driver seat. Don’t let your mind/ heart to be in the driver seat. Don’t forget your real purpose of life. Don’t fall trap of ‘this is me and that is mine’. ‘Nothing in this world from earth to sky belongs to oneself. Nothing from the earth to sky is creation of oneself. The people whom one terms are family are just bonds created during a journey. These people either were there in the journey or they joined the journey for a while and may not be there in the journey.’

The feelings of happiness and sadness is just a face of situation. It depends on how one takes a situation. It is same as the theory of perception. You can be happy with half filled glass or you can cry for the half filled glass.

Step 1 of Adhyatma yoga – Free your mind/ heart from the bonds of worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family. Free yourself from the trap of ‘this is me and that is mine’.

Result of Step1 – Your mind/ heart will be free from the feelings of happiness and sadness. Mind/ heart will be in neutral state. That is it start taking all situations neutrally. This will help mind/ heart to be filled with Knowledge, Detachment, Dispassion,  Devotion (Gyana, Vairagya, Bhakti) and see soul above nature (prakriti) and see this soul as a small light (jyoti).

Step 2 of Adhyatma yoga – Be in touch with people who have passed through Step 1.

Result of Step 2 – Such people will help you to maintain the state achieved in Step 1 and in long run one will realize that God is only in their soul.

Bhagavad Puran – Meditation process

Bhagavad Puran – Skanda 2 – Chapter 1 – answers King Parikshit’s question.

Parikshit asks a brilliant question – ‘what a person who is about to die should do to free himself from all sins? Also what a person whose death is not near should do through out their life to free themselves from sins or get salvation?’

Parikshit, who was cursed by Brahmin Son, while waiting for his death which is to come up in 7th day asks above question Shukdeva.

If I keep religious book aside and think for a while what a human does. A human is given a brilliant gift of speech and thoughts. We have brain which other species don’t have. We have well developed speech which other species don’t have. But when we see people around us and ourselves what we see, we just all our 24 hours in running behind work, tasks, bread, butter, money, lifestyle, family, social life. Work never ends even if we work for 24 hours. Needs of family, individual cannot be satisfied. Family, relatives, friends, dear ones never stay with an individual forever. A son stays with a person till he starts his family. A wife stays with a person till he dies. Emotionally and mentally none of these relatives, family, friends, dear ones are with an individual.

Then who is with an individual? Still keeping aside the religious books, the answer that comes to my mind is Individual’s soul, Consciousness. Now in the light of Gita and Bhagavad Puran, Soul and Consciousness is God.

To prove my above written words I would like to take base of Bhagavad Puran – Skanda 2 – Chapter 1.

In order to learn or understand the true form of soul and consciousness or God, one need to meditate.

What is meditation? We will learn about it later.

If one cannot do meditation then how to knowledge of soul or consciousness or  God? Answer to this question is, such individual is not required to leave social life, family, friends, society but spend atleast 1 minute or 1 hour or days in the knowledge, bhakti (which is not only worshiping idols or religious preachers) or stick to their dharma (honest work) and remember God.

This is most important line of this chapter. I understand this line as, any good or bad events of the life, the brightness of sun, darkness of night, green gardens, cold and warm water, types of food is all creation of God. No doubt good or ba events are part of individual’s karma. But karma is also God. Which is clearly written in the above mentioned chapter. So an individual is not creator but a performer. When an individual is performer then how can an individual take responsibility of anything they do. I think one cannot say that ‘I made this.’ or ‘I have saved life of …’ or ‘without me they wont be…’ The knowledge of the fact you are just a ‘performer’ and not director is important knowledge one must carry every day, every minute throughout their life.

The term bhakti used in the above paragraph is not working idols or religious preachers but to devote all activities performed every day, every hour to the one who is the director. A perform is to obey with faith, whole heart to the director. No matter how good or bad the situations are, one should face it with courage, accept all situations and take the responsibility of performer. If any performer can meet director only by praying a type of prayer 1000 times or offering flowers, milk, water, etc to idols then many would have met director by now. There would be piles of books on such people claiming their achievement. Narsinh Mehta, Meerabai, Tulsidas, Surdas and many like them have followed the path of bhakti where they were conscious that they are performer, their deeds were in the wellbeing of others, they lived their social life with this knowledge and recited glory of God.


We can do one thing definitely, start giving ourselves the knowledge – ‘You are a performer’. This is the first step towards the meditation.

Now, I would like to answer the question about meditation here. Meditation is not sitting under a tree or some place for hours with closed eyes. One cannot meditate until their mind is not stable. A mind is powerful to take an individual to any place without any physical movement.

After one have practiced the knowledge ‘You are a performer’ and when this knowledge becomes consciousness then one should focus on ‘ohm’ ohmThen focus on the breathing. Slowly breathing and ‘ohm’ will get in sync. When breathing and ‘ohm’ is in sync, learn to detach mind, thoughts from celestial pleasures, bonds of family, friends, relatives, dear ones and bring focus on the form of God.

Gopi and Krishna

Gopi is a prime pillar of Bhagavad Gita rather Bhagavad Puran. Without Gopis I believe Krishna would not have been able to teach us the lesson of devotion, love, oneness with God, salvation (भक्ति सायुज्य प्रेम मोक्ष).

The relationship of Gopi and Krishna is interesting. The more I study it, the more I read it I realize that through the example of Gopis, Krishna wanted to show us, being busy in cores of day-to-day life you can attain nearness of Krishna…if your efforts are strong and you have confidence you can get oneness with Krishna.

Some scripts says Gopis were saints performing meditations since ages to attain nearness with Krishna. These saints took birth as Gopis to live with Krishna.

They taught us a good way to be near with Krishna.

1. Chanting – While working in home, doing day-to-day activities like cooking, cleaning, etc they chant the name of Krishna and sign his glory.

2. Work offered to Krishna – Though they use to cook for their family and work for their family members the center of all their work were Krishna. While cooking they use to think what Krishna would like to eat. Krishna is center of their attention.

3. Longing for Krishna – While Krishna was away in forest with cows they use to be eagerly waiting for him to return. When he would return they stand out in the entrance of their house with smile on their face welcoming Krishna.

4. Forgoing every barrier – For Krishna they forgo barrier of their family and went to meet Krishna, they forgo barrier and came out of river to take clothes.


Bhagavad Puran- Chapter 1

Bhagavad Puran divides 18000 shloka (verses) into 12 adhyaya each adhyaya contains chapters.

Its first chapter of first dhyaya where Naradji meets Bhakti and answers her question “why she is young and her two son is aged and daisy?”

This chapter gives the picture of current situation, people sell moral, knowledge for money and women body to earn money or for enjoyment. He was not getting eternal happiness even though he visited “Puskar”, “Haridwar” etc. He meets Bhakti who introduces herself as

Bhakti: “Gayan and Vayragya are her son, Ganga, Yamuna, Kaveri are serving her. She took birth in “Dravid desh”, brought-up in “Karnataka”, got some respect in “Maharastra” but in “Gujarat” she became aged and her sons lost their shine, glory and strength. She comes to “Vrindavana” where she becomes again a “teenager” but her sons are still in the same position. She wants to leave “Vrindavana” with her sons. But her sons are aged and the biggest pain for a mother is to see her sons “aged” while she is “young”. She asks Naradji “why is this situation?””

Naradji replies: “This is Kalyuga, devils will become happy and rich while evils will become poor and unhappy. Evils will face lot of pain. Patience is the only solution to this situation. In this place you became “teenager” as people here are giving respect to “bhakti” but no one is giving importance to your sons so they are still “aged” but they feel soothing here in “Vrindavana” and so they are daisy. When Krishna left earth, “Truth” like values left earth and went with him and so everything have just become meaningless. People have lost the meaning and essence of “Kata”, “Gyana”. People are just involved in re-production. People have lost the meaning and essence of “Moksha”.

વૈષ્ણવ જન તો

વૈષ્ણવ જન તો તેને રે કહીએ જે પીડ પરાઈ જાણે રે,
પર દુઃખે ઉપકાર કરે તોયે મન અભિમાન ન આણે રે.

સકળ લોકમાં સહુને વંદે, નિંદા ન કરે કેની રે,
વાચ કાછ મન નિશ્ચલ રાખે, ધન ધન જનની તેની રે … વૈષ્ણવજન

સમ દ્રષ્ટિ ને તૃષ્ણા ત્યાગી, પરસ્ત્રી જેને માત રે,
જિહ્વા થકી અસત્ય ન બોલે, પરધન નવ ઝાલે હાથ રે … વૈષ્ણવજન

મોહ માયા વ્યાપે નહિ જેને, દૃઢ વૈરાગ્ય જેના મનમાં રે,
રામનામ શું તાળી રે લાગી, સકળ તીરથ તેના તનમાં રે … વૈષ્ણવજન

વણલોભી ને કપટરહિત છે, કામ-ક્રોધ નિવાર્યા રે,
ભણે નરસૈંયો તેનું દર્શન કરતાં કુળ ઈકોતેર તાર્યા રે … વૈષ્ણવજન

– નરસિંહ મહેતા

જે ગમે જગત

જે ગમે જગત ગુરૂદેવ જગદીશને,
તે તણો ખરખરો ફોક કરવો;
આપણો ચિંતવ્યો અર્થ કંઈ નવ સરે,
ઊગરે એ જ ઉદ્વેગ ધરવો … જે ગમે.

હું કરું, હું કરું, એ જ અજ્ઞાનતા,
શકટનો ભાર જેમ શ્વાન તાણે;
સૃષ્ટિ મંડાણ છે સર્વ એણી પેરે,
જોગી જોગેશ્વરા કો’ક જાણે … જે ગમે.

નીપજે નરથી તો કોઈ નવ રહે દુઃખી,
શત્રુ મારીને સૌ મિત્ર રાખે;
રાય ને રંક કોઇ દ્રષ્ટે આવે નહિ,
ભવન પર ભવન પર છત્ર દાખે … જે ગમે.

ઋતુ-લતા પત્ર-ફળ-ફૂલ આપે યથા,
માનવી મૂર્ખ મન વ્યર્થ શોચે;
જેહના ભાગ્યમાં જે સમે જે લખ્યું,
તેહને તે સમે તે જ પહોંચે … જે ગમે.

ગ્રંથે ગરબડ કરી, વાત ન કરી ખરી,
જેહને જે ગમે તેને પૂજે,
મન કર્મ વચનથી આપ માની લહે
સત્ય છે એ જ મન એમ સૂઝે … જે ગમે.

સુખ સંસારી મિથ્યા કરી માનજો,
કૃષ્ણ વિના બીજું સર્વ કાચું;
જુગલ કર જોડી કરી નરસૈંયો એમ કહે,
જન્મ- પ્રતિ જન્મ હરિને જ જાચું … જે ગમે.

– નરસિંહ મહેતા

જાગને જાદવા

જાગને જાદવા કૃષ્ણ ગોવાળિયા
તુજ વિના ધેનમાં કોણ જાશે ?
ત્રણસેં ને સાઠ ગોવાળ ટોળે મળ્યા
વડો રે ગોવાળિયો કોણ થાશે ? … જાગને

દહીંતણા દહીંથરા, ઘી તણાં ઘેબરાં
કઢિયેલ દૂધ તે કોણ પીશે ?
હરિ મારો હાથિયો, કાળી નાગ નાથિયો
ભૂમિનો ભાર તે કોણ લેશે ? … જાગને

જમુનાને તીરે ગૌધણ ચરાવતાં
મધુરી શી મોરલી કોણ વાહશે ?
ભણે નરસૈંયો તારા ગુણ ગાઇ રિઝીએ
બૂડતાં બાંયડી કોણ સાહશે ? … જાગને

– નરસિંહ મહેતા