Bhagavad Puran – Adhyatma yoga

Bhagavad Puran – Skanda 2 – Chapter 25 – Kapil muni’s answers to Devbhuti’s questions.

Devbhuti mother of Kapil muni asks questions about salvation and liberation from the worldly pleasures. Kapil muni is incarnation of God Vishnu who took birth in Devbhuti’s house to preach the lessons of Sankhya yoga, Adhyatma yoga.

Devbhuti have spent years in upbringing of her 9 daughters and a son Kapil muni. Her life was like a normal woman, spent in kitchen, upbringing children and house keeping. She was far from the knowledge of Soul. What she can do to free her mind from the clutches of worldly pleasures, worries of life and family? With this question in her mind once she asks Kapil muni to preach her the lessons through which she can free her self from the clutches of worldly pleasures, worries of life and family (moha, maya, mamta) and attain salvation (moksha).

Kapil being pleased with her question narrates her the ‘Adhyatma yoga’. This form of yoga is the only way to liberate mind from the clutches of worldly pleasures, worries of life and family. This yoga helps one free themselves from the bonds of happiness and sadness. Mind/ heart is the only reason for forming clutches/ bonds and giving freedom/ salvation/ liberty. When Mind/ heart is surrounded by worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family only forms clutches/ bonds with worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family, and there by forms bonds of karma. This bonds of karma is a viscous circle which never ends until it is broken by the knowledge. The knowledge that we are in clutches/ bonds of worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family. When Mind/ heart is surrounded by the knowledge of God, the knowledge of soul, the knowledge/ realization of oneself being a soul and not the body becomes reason for salvation/ liberty.

In Gita, Krishan says the same thing to Arjuna. Mind is very powerful. It can drive you in bonds of worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family and it can also make you free from such bonds. But the condition is you have to be in the driver seat. Don’t let your mind/ heart to be in the driver seat. Don’t forget your real purpose of life. Don’t fall trap of ‘this is me and that is mine’. ‘Nothing in this world from earth to sky belongs to oneself. Nothing from the earth to sky is creation of oneself. The people whom one terms are family are just bonds created during a journey. These people either were there in the journey or they joined the journey for a while and may not be there in the journey.’

The feelings of happiness and sadness is just a face of situation. It depends on how one takes a situation. It is same as the theory of perception. You can be happy with half filled glass or you can cry for the half filled glass.

Step 1 of Adhyatma yoga – Free your mind/ heart from the bonds of worldly pleasures/ entities/ subjects/ life/ family. Free yourself from the trap of ‘this is me and that is mine’.

Result of Step1 – Your mind/ heart will be free from the feelings of happiness and sadness. Mind/ heart will be in neutral state. That is it start taking all situations neutrally. This will help mind/ heart to be filled with Knowledge, Detachment, Dispassion,  Devotion (Gyana, Vairagya, Bhakti) and see soul above nature (prakriti) and see this soul as a small light (jyoti).

Step 2 of Adhyatma yoga – Be in touch with people who have passed through Step 1.

Result of Step 2 – Such people will help you to maintain the state achieved in Step 1 and in long run one will realize that God is only in their soul.

Bhagavad Puran – Meditation process

Bhagavad Puran – Skanda 2 – Chapter 1 – answers King Parikshit’s question.

Parikshit asks a brilliant question – ‘what a person who is about to die should do to free himself from all sins? Also what a person whose death is not near should do through out their life to free themselves from sins or get salvation?’

Parikshit, who was cursed by Brahmin Son, while waiting for his death which is to come up in 7th day asks above question Shukdeva.

If I keep religious book aside and think for a while what a human does. A human is given a brilliant gift of speech and thoughts. We have brain which other species don’t have. We have well developed speech which other species don’t have. But when we see people around us and ourselves what we see, we just all our 24 hours in running behind work, tasks, bread, butter, money, lifestyle, family, social life. Work never ends even if we work for 24 hours. Needs of family, individual cannot be satisfied. Family, relatives, friends, dear ones never stay with an individual forever. A son stays with a person till he starts his family. A wife stays with a person till he dies. Emotionally and mentally none of these relatives, family, friends, dear ones are with an individual.

Then who is with an individual? Still keeping aside the religious books, the answer that comes to my mind is Individual’s soul, Consciousness. Now in the light of Gita and Bhagavad Puran, Soul and Consciousness is God.

To prove my above written words I would like to take base of Bhagavad Puran – Skanda 2 – Chapter 1.

In order to learn or understand the true form of soul and consciousness or God, one need to meditate.

What is meditation? We will learn about it later.

If one cannot do meditation then how to knowledge of soul or consciousness or  God? Answer to this question is, such individual is not required to leave social life, family, friends, society but spend atleast 1 minute or 1 hour or days in the knowledge, bhakti (which is not only worshiping idols or religious preachers) or stick to their dharma (honest work) and remember God.

This is most important line of this chapter. I understand this line as, any good or bad events of the life, the brightness of sun, darkness of night, green gardens, cold and warm water, types of food is all creation of God. No doubt good or ba events are part of individual’s karma. But karma is also God. Which is clearly written in the above mentioned chapter. So an individual is not creator but a performer. When an individual is performer then how can an individual take responsibility of anything they do. I think one cannot say that ‘I made this.’ or ‘I have saved life of …’ or ‘without me they wont be…’ The knowledge of the fact you are just a ‘performer’ and not director is important knowledge one must carry every day, every minute throughout their life.

The term bhakti used in the above paragraph is not working idols or religious preachers but to devote all activities performed every day, every hour to the one who is the director. A perform is to obey with faith, whole heart to the director. No matter how good or bad the situations are, one should face it with courage, accept all situations and take the responsibility of performer. If any performer can meet director only by praying a type of prayer 1000 times or offering flowers, milk, water, etc to idols then many would have met director by now. There would be piles of books on such people claiming their achievement. Narsinh Mehta, Meerabai, Tulsidas, Surdas and many like them have followed the path of bhakti where they were conscious that they are performer, their deeds were in the wellbeing of others, they lived their social life with this knowledge and recited glory of God.


We can do one thing definitely, start giving ourselves the knowledge – ‘You are a performer’. This is the first step towards the meditation.

Now, I would like to answer the question about meditation here. Meditation is not sitting under a tree or some place for hours with closed eyes. One cannot meditate until their mind is not stable. A mind is powerful to take an individual to any place without any physical movement.

After one have practiced the knowledge ‘You are a performer’ and when this knowledge becomes consciousness then one should focus on ‘ohm’ ohmThen focus on the breathing. Slowly breathing and ‘ohm’ will get in sync. When breathing and ‘ohm’ is in sync, learn to detach mind, thoughts from celestial pleasures, bonds of family, friends, relatives, dear ones and bring focus on the form of God.

Define Happiness








I have written earlier a post on Happiness, this post is in continuation with the previous post.

During whole day we come across many people, with some of them we have relationship to talk and share our thoughts while with some of them we hardly talk but listen or watch their behavior. If we watch all of them closely we will see they are looking for Happiness. So what is the definition of Happiness for each of them?

Let me put their definition of Happiness here….

1. Mr. A, I will be happy/ delighted if I will get a Government contract worth NNN lacs

2. Miss B, I will be happy if he propose me

3. Miss C, I will be happy if he marry me

4. Mrs D, I will be happy if my husband buy me a diamond necklace worth NNN

5. Mrs E, I will be happy if my daughter-in-law obey me

6. Mrs. F, I will be happy if my husband earns NNN lacs per month

7. Mr. G, I will be happy if I get N% in exam

…………. This list is endless, where Happiness is starts with If and Else condition

Seems Happiness is a chocolate wrapped in IF and ELSE wrapper. So are they Happy after this so-called wrapper opened?

1. Mr. A, after a month bags the Government contract worth NNN lacs.

He should be happy now. But when asked why your face is not glowing with happiness? he said, I am happy but I will be happy when I will earn that NNN lacs from contract.

2. Miss B is proposed but her face is not glowing with happiness as it should be. When asked she said… “Yes, he proposed me but I will be happy only if he marry me”

…… all of the above when opened a layer of their IF and ELSE wrapper around Happiness were not Happy as they found one more layer of IF and ELSE wrapper around Happiness. This situation is endless. A new wrapper is found when one wrapper of IF and ELSE is removed.

Years after years pass opening these layers of IF and ELSE wrapper but yet Happiness is not unlocked. So a question comes was the definition of Happiness correct? If not then what is the definition of Happiness.

Happiness is in …..

1. knowing oneself (Aatma – inner soul)

2. satisfaction

3. gratitude

4. love

5. giving to other (don’t think you donated some money or food and you will get happiness)

Happiness cannot be wrapped between IF and ELSE

Happiness cannot be measured by different criteria.

Happiness is soul’s identity. It can be obtained when it is free from all conditions.

To achieve something everything has to be destroyed.

In a friendly discussion with well wishers came this dialog, “To achieve something everything has to be destroyed.”

A seed destroys itself completely to become a tree. Tree burns itself carelessly to give shadow. Achievement asks sacrifice, blind sacrifice. Those who want to achieve something never think of assets they hold, they are always on heal to give up themselves and their assets.

This remembers me Gita and Bhagavad Purana which widely explains the importance of sacrifice. The more you wish to achieve the more you need to sacrifice. Mother sacrifice sleep, peace and herself for the sleep, wellbeing and happiness of her children. It is not mandatory yet she sacrifices everything required.  Sacrifice should be done with heart and feeling. Such sacrifice becomes worship of the all-mighty. Divine energy is earned through such sacrifice. Such sacrifice makes man better than all creatures and divine bodies. Those who offer such sacrifice are special to all-mighty. He himself takes care of those offers such sacrifices. Though the goal of man offering such sacrifices is to achieve the highest seat amongst divine bodies, attain the highest seat and respect from the divine bodies.

So work as if it is the last task with the devotion and readiness to sacrifice everything.

Sankhya Sutra

A small event reminded me about “Sankhya Sutra” and the story of Bharata narrated in Bhagavada Purana. I was asked to offer milk to mother dog and her puppies, no one was offering milk or food to them. It was second day when I was offering them milk, my heart was filled with the feeling of love and care. An ocean of love and care was flowing inside me, which reminded me about “Sankhya Sutra”. It reminded me about the story of Bharata.

Bharata forgot the lesson of “Sankhya Sutra” and fell in ‘Maya’ of a deer, an infant deer which he found in the stream, who was born when the frightened mother deer jumped across the stream. Bharata took care of the infant deer and day by day he was getting attached with the deer with heart, thoughts and then with soul such that if the deer goes out of his site for a minute he would be worried and tensed. Till the end of his life Bharata was worried about the wellbeing of the deer, and the deer was enjoying the care and love of Bharata. With the last thought of the wellbeing of the deer, Bharata passes away and takes birth as deer. Before meeting deer Bharata was free from bonds of ‘Maya’ and in his meditations focused on the creator of the world. But later the situations changed, his focus was on deer. When he was born as deer, he had frail memories of his life as Bharata and with the lesson he had learned, he kept away from grass, each and every elements of forest. After leaving life of deer he took birth as a Bhramin with the memories of past life and lesson he learned, he remained silent and away from all worldly elements. He delivers his knowledge of “Sankhya Sutra” and other divine knowledge to a king.

“Sankhya Sutra” warns us, thinking of anything which is not contributory to spiritual practice, or sadhana, results in bondage, as in the case of Bharata. Attachment sneaks into our mind without our knowledge, like a serpent entering into a hole without our knowing that it has entered it. The power of the mind, which is filled with desires, finds all sorts of excuses to see that its longings are fulfilled, one way or the other. It is like a thief or a dacoit who knows every way of entering a house.

While offering milk to mother dog and her puppies, I realized how strong is ‘Maya’, ‘Maya’ is present everywhere waiting for a situation where you show your liking towards worldly elements. On getting a small hint of such a liking, ‘Maya’ starts finding each and every way to trap you in worldly elements. With that incident I learned that in order to protect your house from thief you have to be vigilant and cut all efforts of thief, block all ways through with the thief can enter in the house with knowledge.


The dictionary meaning of ‘Idolatry’ is simple but it carries lots of importance and weight in human beings.

It is the usual glamour of Diwali, people around me have busy mornings and evenings with most of their time invested in idol worship. In mid of all this sequential events, a question came from within me, “Krishna in Gita says, I am form-less, then why do we worship idol of Krishna?” Krishna is nirguna in form then why we give him form, make him sguna and then worship him?

Does this mean, we can only imagine the element God in form? In Islam, people don’t give forms to Alha or God. Parsi people worship Fire, again fire have form. Preaching in both the religion is towards building a human. It becomes confusing when I put understandings this way. Instead of falling into any complications lets follow Gita.

He, the all mighty is everywhere, in every element and is form-less and take base of lesson learnt from clouds. If you go above clouds you don’t see elements on earth and even don’t see land. Above the clouds you see brightness and deep blue sky, a view where there is no difference between elements, where there are no elements. So I would like to see God, the all mighty element from cloud and not from earth.

While worshiping Krishna, idol will be an element to illustrate senses but above this illustration, my prayers will be for the form-less. I will close eyes to offer prayers to the form-less but through open eyes, no matter how the world pictures Krishna.


Karma Yoga

Karma Yoga – the simple yoga which yields the  fruits that no other yoga can give.


Krishna while giving knowledge on the war-front referred Karma Yoga as the best yoga of all to Arjuna. In his preaching to Arjuna, Krishna says, an individual can achieve liberation or the Supreme Being (God) just by performing karam defined for him in scriptures. An individual based on his caste is expected to perform karma. In ancient time, there were discrimination of karma for Bhramin, Shudra and Vaishya. There is no such discrimination today as one can see Bhramin indulged in act of corruption and vaishya imparting knowledge of scriptures. Though people are not having complete knowledge on the topic they preach others. If we take base of Gita, I believe instead of preaching one can present views if his knowledge is sufficient otherwise refrain from making any speech.


According to Krishna, karma done whole-heartedly with selflessness and any expectation of reward is the best of all can be done by an individual. One should not be attached with the act done by him. Any feelings like pain, happiness, pride… can take away the fruits of karma.

Some people count the number of deeds done with selflessness, devotion…Supreme Being never counts such deeds.  Knowledge of karma is good to have, but the best learned is the performer, who does all act as if he is doing act for the wellbeing of other lives with the thought, he is performer not the creator.

I hear people commenting on number of hours they spend on Yoga and Meditation. And all the time I wonder how can we measure Yoga and Meditation? I know such people will not be able to give justification on this question as they hardly understand the importance of Yoga and Meditation.

Keeping all this aside, the truth of the universe is, “Karma done hole-heartedly, with selflessness, dedication and as a performer, that is without any attachment”.

Note: Reference of this post is my understanding over Chapter 3 of Gita.

Birth of Supreme Power

Every year the birth of Krishna is celebrated with pomp and enthusiasm. Thousands of people across the nation observe fast and wait for the moment of the historical event, the even of birth of Krishna.

Krishna even after years attract hearts and his preachings even today help resolve issues, pain and troubles. His smiling face and attractive images even today attract hearts across the nation.

Today looking at his attractive images, I felt if he would be in front of me I would have spent hours and hours watching him, talking to him, listening to him….. ah!!! all kind of dreams.

But he learned me a lesson, “Do you work with all dedication, ensure your each step is towards the well being of the task or work but never get attached to the work. Never get attached to the events. Don’t say that “this work is mine”, ” I have done this”, “because of me this happened”

I have taken note of his lesson and have written at a place where I can see this lesson whenever I want in 24 hours.

What did you learn from him? 🙂


Why Arjuna

Why Arjuna?

This question came to me while I was reading Gita and trying to find out meaning of each word. His elder brother, Yudhisthira was best among all and was known as “dharam raj” why Krishna gave Arjuna the knowledge of Gita.

The first thing my mind told me to observe is the name of all brothers.

Yudhishitra means who is stable in battlefield. He is the symbol of peace and referred as sky.

Bhima means terrible, who can destory universe. He is the symbol of life force and referred as breath.

Arjuna means free from all bonds. He is the symbol of power which destroys ignorance and referred as fire.

Nakula means a river without bank. He is the symbol of freely flowing energy used in reproduction and referred as endless flow of water.

Sahadeva means enquiring attitude . He is the symbol of “knowing” and referred as earth.


After comparing all these name meanings I came to a conclusion that Arjuna is the best person who in his true sense can understand the meaning of Krishna which he gave through “Gita”. One thing to note is, neither of the other four brothers will ever feel sad while killing their relatives or feel sad in battlefield. It was Arjua to whom such question and feeling came. Only Arjuna can cut the bonds, free his soul, mind and thoughts to show 100% commitment towards his “dharma” and “karma”. He has focused mind and so it was easy for him to understand and focus on what Krishna wanted to tell him, wanted him to understand.

It was only Arjuna who had the power to understand the words of Krisha, the symbols of Bhagvada Gita. If Yudhishtira would be there to ask Krishna questions like Arjuna would he be able to ask the correct questions? I doubt. He would have more focused on What is Dharma and what according to Dharma needs to be done. In the name of Dharma you cannot ignore Karma or deny Karma. As with what you say, what you do, how you say, how you do, you build your karma.

With this meaning I learned in oneself there should be an element of Arjuna, who burns fire of questions and always ready to gain knowledge.


Beaware of Lust Infatuation and Wrath

There is no disease (so destructive) as lust; no enemy like infatuation; no fire like wrath; and no happiness like spiritual knowledge

I was reading a script and came across the above stated quote. All most every one knows about this but still many of us are slaves of these three things.

It is truly said that Lust is a disease. Disease of mind which kills soul and happiness. While creating life God had placed a system in every life to reproduce life. And to generate interest in reproduction or encourage life for reproduction  God have kept an attraction between lives. This attraction gives birth to desire and with the good efforts of good thoughts life gets regenerated. But if one forgets to control the horse of desire and attraction, he finds himself lost in the desert of Lust. There is an industry which is like desert where people come in search of happiness and or love but get lost in the winds of desert. 100 bottles of liquor may not damage you much but Lust will damage your thought and soul within a very short time period. It is like a paralysis of thought.

Another thing that harms your good thinking and stops your mind from thinking big is Infatuation. Infatuation is a feeling. Many have told me that they are in love but when i ask them the reason or check their commitment then i see that they are infatuated and not in real love. Real love is commitment. It is divine and brings two soul together not only the two bodies together. Infatuation becomes your enemy when you get totally absorbed with the thought and get attracted to someone or something. You loose the sense of what is true and false and try to please the other in the best possible manner. In this you create a lot of enemies. An infatuated person loses himself. And when you are not in you, you are like a dead body. You loose sense of what is good and what is bad.

Anger or Wrath is worst, yes, it burns not only your soul but others mood and happiness. A spark of anger is enough to burn you in full and others. Anger is chronic in itself. It starts with a small spark and encourages itself to grow. It then burns your energy and happiness within you. This fire cant be seen with eyes but could be felt. This fire is like a fire in forest, it catches others soon and the more it catch holds of others it becomes furious.

The only thing that can help one go stay away from all these things is Spiritual Knowledge and Wisdom. Making a habit to read at-least one word of such scripts can help you cultivate your mind and thoughts. With such mind you will be able to keep away from such evils.